Design and Experimental Evaluation of Multi-User Beamforming in Wireless LANs

Authors: Ehsan Aryafar, Narendra Anand, Theodoros Salonidis, and Edward W. Knightly


Multi-User MIMO promises to increase the spectral efficiency of next generation wireless systems and is currently being incorporated in future industry standards. Although a significant amount of research has focused on theoretical capacity analysis, little is known about the performance of such systems in practice. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of the first multi-user beamforming system and experimental framework for wireless LANs. Using extensive measurements in an indoor environment, we evaluate the impact of receiver separation distance, outdated channel information due to mobility and environmental variation, and the potential for increasing spatial reuse. For the measured indoor environment, our results reveal that two receivers achieve close to maximum performance with a minimum separation distance of a quarter of a wavelength. We also show that the required channel information update rate is dependent on environmental variation and user mobility as well as a per-link SNR requirement. Assuming that a link can tolerate an SNR decrease of 3 dB, the required channel update rate is equal to 100 and 10 ms for non-mobile receivers and mobile receivers with a pedestrian speed of 3 mph respectively. Our results also show that spatial reuse can be increased by efficiently eliminating interference any desired location; however, this may come at the expense of a significant drop in the quality of the served users.

 author = {Ehsan Aryafar, Narendra Anand, Theodoros Salonidis, and Edward W. Knightly},
 title = {Design and Experimental evaluation of Multi-User Beamforming in Wireless LANs},
 booktitle = {{ACM MobiCom}},
 month = sep,
 year = {2010},
 address = {Chicago, IL},
Last modified 7 years ago Last modified on Sep 21, 2010, 2:16:43 PM

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