wiki:802.11/MAC/Upper

Upper-level MAC Description

The upper-level MAC is responsible for inter-packet states that are not time critical. For example, the Access Point implementation is an upper-level MAC that handles the association handshake state machine, but relies on the lower-level DCF MAC for actual medium access.

There is a considerable amount of shared code among different upper-level MAC implementations. The MAC High Framework is the collection of these shared operations. The interaction between an upper-level MAC and this framework can be broken down into 4 broad categories:

Wireless Receptions

The MAC High Framework notifies the upper-level MAC of a wireless reception via a callback that is registered at boot. Within the framework, wireless receptions are handled via an interrupt attached to the inter-processor mailbox that connects the high and low processors.

Wireless Transmissions

When the upper-level MAC wants to transmit a packet wirelessly, there are a few steps:

  1. The upper-level MAC enqueues a packet into any of a number of outgoing wireless transmission queues. It performs this step by calling a function in the MAC High Framework.
  2. Because the process by which a transmit queue is emptied depends on the upper-level MAC, the upper-level MAC owns the code responsible for this. As such, the upper-level MAC calls its own function for processing any currently-filled transmit queues. In addition, the framework itself is capable of calling this function via a registered callback. It will call this function whenever the lower-level MAC has finished sending an MPDU.
  3. When a packet is dequeued and just about to be passed down to the lower-level MAC, a callback into the upper-level MAC is executed. This gives the upper-level MAC the opportunity to perform any "last minute" changes to the packet contents before it is handed over for transmission. For example, this callback is where the AP updates the Traffic Indication Map (TIM) in outgoing beacons. At the time of dequeue, the AP can look into the contents of its other queues and determine what other packets need to be sent.
  4. Finally, the upper-level MAC is notified whenever the lower-level MAC has finished sending an MPDU via a registered callback.

Wired Receptions

Whenever the framework received a wired Ethernet frame, it encapsulates the packet and passes it off to the upper-level MAC via a registered callback.

Wired Transmissions

When the upper-level MAC receives a wireless packet that needs to be sent via Ethernet, it calls a function in the MAC High Framework that de-encapsulates the packet and sends it via Ethernet.

Last modified 4 years ago Last modified on Oct 2, 2014, 1:49:20 PM